The antebellum period has long been identified with the belated emergence of a truly national literature. And yet, a mass market for books in this period was built and sustained through what we would call rampant literary piracy. I contend in this book that a national literature developed in the U.S. not despite but because of the systematic copying of foreign works. Restoring a political dimension to accounts of the economic grounds of antebellum literature, I unfold the legal arguments and political struggles that produced an American “culture of reprinting” and held it in place for two crucial decades.
In this culture of reprinting, the circulation of print outstripped authorial and editorial control. I examine the workings of literary culture within this market, shifting my gaze from first and authorized editions to reprints and piracies, from the form of the book to the intersection of book and periodical publishing, and from a national literature to an internally divided and transatlantic literary marketplace. Through readings of the work of Dickens, Poe, and Hawthorne, I seek both to analyze how changes in the conditions of publication influenced literary form and to measure what was lost as literary markets became centralized and literary culture became stratified in the early 1850s. American Literature and the Culture of Reprinting, 1834-1853 delineates a distinctive literary culture that was regional in articulation and transnational in scope, while questioning the grounds of the startlingly recent but nonetheless powerful equation of the national interest with the extension of authors’ rights.
You can purchase a copy of this book via the usual corporate websites, or, better yet, directly through the University of Pennsylvania Press.
James J. Barnes in Clio 33:1 (Fall 2003)
Melissa Homestead in American Literature 76:2 (2004)
Laura J. Murray in American Literary History 16:4 (2004)
Marta Werner in Textual Cultures (Autumn 2006)
Ronald J. Zboray in Modern Language Review (2004)